Bronchitis: Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

Bronchitis is a respiratory disease which causes irritation & swelling of the mucous membranes in the bronchial tubes of the lungs.

Bronchitis is a condition where the irritated membrane swells & grows thicker, it narrows or shuts off the tiny airways in the lungs, which may result in coughing spells, and it can be accompanied by phlegm & breathlessness.

Bronchitis is categorized in two forms:

  • Acute– The Acute Bronchitis involves only acute inflammation of the larynx & trachea and it usually lasts for a short span like one to three weeks.
     
  • Chronic – The Chronic Bronchitis is a serious long-term disorder, and is characterized by chronic inflammation of larynx & bronchial tubes coupled with a sinus condition. It may take three months to two years and usually requires regular medical treatment.

Causes

This respiratory disease is mainly caused by the bacteria or viruses which irritates the bronchial tubes. Some other causes include:

  • Allergy
  • Infections
  • Cough & cold
  • Changes in the atmosphere
  • Long-term smoking
  • Dusty air or fog
  • Pollution

Symptoms

The common symptoms are:

  • Chest pain or tightening of chest
  • Coughing with mucous (greenish or yellowish)
  • Low Fever & chills
  • Sore throat
  • Breathlessness
  • Blocked nose & sinuses
  • Muscle Ache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Tiredness

Person suffering from Chronic Bronchitis can be at risk of developing heart problems or more serious lung diseases & infections.

Prevention

There are several measures to reduce risk of getting Bronchitis:

  • Quit Smoking – Smoking increases chance of getting Bronchitis problem, so avoid cigarette smoke.
     
  • Vaccinate – Get a yearly flu & pneumonia vaccine, as it can help to protect from getting flu and some types of pneumonia.
     
  • Washing Hands – Regular washing hands will reduce the exposure to germs & bacteria or catching a viral infection.

Wishing you the good health! #healthlanternsblogs
 

Note – This information has been taken from different internet sources.

  admin          2015-08-31          Post Type

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